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Native Wildflowers for Woodland Gardens

These plants grow wild in the woodlands of North America and are easy to obtain from wildflower nurseries.  Those marked with a * are European species that have naturalized here.   All will thrive in a woodland garden.


PERENNIALS AND BIENNIALS

SPRING

Aquilegia canadensis (American columbine)
Dicentra eximia (fringed bleeding heart)
Galium odoratum (sweet woodruff)*
Hedyotis caerulea (bluets, Quaker ladies)
Iris cristata (crested iris)
Mertensia virginica (Virginia bluebells)
Phlox divaricata (wild blue phlox, woodland phlox)
Phlox stolonifera (creeping phlox)
Polygonatum biflorum (small Solomon's seal)
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)
Tiarella spp. (foamflowers)
Viola spp. (violets)

SUMMER

Aruncus spp. (goat's beards)
Chrysogonium virginianum (goldenstar, green and gold)
Cimicifuga racemosa (snake-root, cohosh)
Dicentra eximia (fringed bleeding heart)
Lysimachia punctata (yellow loosestrife, circle flower)*

LATE SUMMER AND FALL

Acontitum spp. (monkshoods)
Dicentra eximia (fringed bleeding heart)


FERNS

Adiantum pedatum (maidenhair fern)
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal shield fern)
Matteuccia struthiopteris (ostrich fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)


BULBS

SPRING

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Camassia leichtlinii (camas)
Erythronium americanum (dog-tooth violet)
Trillium spp. (trilliums, wake robins)


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